Cymbidium orchid plants were first mentioned in China during the Chin dynasty. Yes, way back in 265 AD.
They are beautiful, delicate orchid plants which have been used for corsages. They come in a wide range of colors, including reds, yellows, whites, green and brown.
Now, they are grown for the florist industry because of their large flowers which can reach about 5+ inches. The flowers on the this orchid can last for five to seven weeks. Many people know Cymbidiums as the flowers that are used for corsages. There are other Cymbidiums which do not have as large flowers, but a more intermediate. One of these is the Cymbidium 'Royale'.
These plants grow well outdoors and can take cool temps and even a short freeze, to about 28 degrees F. (-2 C.) But once this occurs it is time to bring the orchid indoors or put it in a protected greenhouse.
Cymbidiums usually bloom from February to May in North America. During the summer months they will do better with cooler soil at night. If this is a problem in your region my suggestion is to add ice water to the soil after sunset during the month of August.
Water them well especially during their growth period, March through September. After this you can water the plants less but do not allow them to completely dry out. Also, don't rush to repot. Let the orchids get pot-bound and the psuedodbulbs can get pushed out to the edges of the pot. Only then repot. They do better when in close quarters, when they are a little pot bound. These plants do need good lighting for good growth. So, don't park them too far under a tree.A good year round fertilizer is necessary for Cymbidium orchid plants as these plants are heavy feeders. You can use a liquid fertilizer which is balanced or even a timed-release version. During their growth phase you will need to give them a supplement fertilizer as well.
Cymbidium orchid plants can produce some of the largest flowers and ones which will last 5- 7 weeks with a flourish of great colors.
Have fun with these plants. They are a staple of the orchid garden or collection.
Treat them well and they will re-pay you time and time again. Cymbidiums are one of the orchids I classify as "easy orchids". They are good for the beginner, intermediate and expert grower. They are relatively easy to grow, and will reward you with long lasting gorgeous flowers. With little effort they will enhance your life and your orchid growing experience!
If you want to check out how to grow other rewarding orchid plants see this page.
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