<font face="arial" size="2"><b><center>Orchids-plus-more.com Newsletter October 2004 <center></b>

Volume 1 # 100


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Specials For Next Month

Next month has several important holidays. With the biggest being Thanksgiving as well as Veterans Day. A lot of us will be traveling for Thanksgiving. What a great way of saying "Thank You" to your hosts but with an unforgettable orchid.

Blc Suan Puttan

Beautiful is the best word to describe the flower this cattleya orchid produces. most cattleya orchids are fragrant and this beautiful orchid is no exception. It produces a strong fragrance that smells like pineapple. the blooms are a lime green and the foliage is a dark green. comes in hard to find wood planter shown. Holiday Priced at $86.95 Regularly $95.95

Blc. Chunyeah Tzien

The queen of orchids in all its glory! blc. chunyea tzien produces large, fragrant blooms that measure four inches in diameter. the bright yellow and red flowers are sure to brighten any decor and bring a big smile to even the hard to please. comes in metal container shown. measures 14 inches tall. rare. Holiday Priced at $56.95 Regularly $65.95


Table of Contents

Specials for the November
Watering- What is too much or too little


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Watering Your Orchids

Once you get the hang of it you will be a pro at watering. Most orchid plants are epiphytes (air plants) and we are used to watering plants in soil. Air plants have pseudo pods which take up the water and hold it for the plants to drink. The root system looks dry but may not be. If there is enough water you will notice the roots have plumb looking parts which are the pseudo pods.

Here are some guidelines that you can use for watering:

water more often if water less often if
there is more light the is less lights
temperatures are higher temperatures are lower
humidity is lower humidity is lower
there is more air movement less air movement
plant has thin leaves and growth plant has thick leaves and growth
it is mounted on a slab
or in a basket
it is in a pot

Over watering is the most common mistake of beginners. The plant shows water which may e covering the root system. If this occurs it means the roots are not getting the oxygen it needs and may go on to die. You will also notice some of the leaves may be turning yellow and drop off (also a sign of under watering). The pseudo pods will have furrows which run the length of them. The leaves will become thinner, won't fully expand and will wilt.

Under watering is usually the case if the plant is in a direct sun for long periods of time. Some of us will only mist the plant instead of watering. The signs of under watering are essentially the same as over watering. The thinner leaves of the plants especially Miltonias will have accordion like leaves.

The treatment for over watering is to re pot as soon as possible. As re potting is taking place cut off the roots that do not look healthy. Re pot in a coarser medium. This will allow the plant to get the support it needs. Be sure that the plant dries out before being watered next.

Occasionally you plant may not have any viable roots and may not respond to re potting. If this is the case then I would recommend that you place the plant and container in a clear plastic bag and loosely tie it and place it in indirect light. The humidity will help.

Occasionally with over watering you will notice that the roots and then the rest of the plant may turn black. This is "black root" disease. Use a fungicide on this and probably you can save it.

For under watering the main stay of treatment is to water more frequently. If the plant feels loose in the pot then re pot it. Once you do this you will notice that there will be less wilting and greener healthier leaves. If there is still some wilting the plant will need more humidity. This can be accomplished by placing the plant on a tray that has pebbles in it and is half full of water. Remember you do not want the roots to sit in water.